Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Top 15 Indian Wildlife Sanctuaries in India, India’s Travel to Wildlife is unique. In its vegetation and wildlife richness and diversity. Approximately 90,000 sq Kms. Indian land is protected. By wildlife, covering 3% of the total land area of the country. India has 441 sanctuaries for wildlife and 80 national parks. Home to more than 350 mammals, 1,200 species of avian species. And several other species unique to the subcontinent. In addition, there are more than 30,000 species of insects, fish, amphibians and reptiles. India’s wildlife sanctuaries and national parks spread from Jammu and Kashmir‘s high Himalayan ranges.

Bandhavgarh National Park

Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

A wildlife retreat, where history and nature meet, Bandhavgarh National Park is not far from Kanha. Set amidst the Vindhya ranges, the park has a series of ridges running through it. Initially, for its high-density tiger population, only 105,40 sq km in area. Bandhavgarh with 25 resident tigers, was noted it has now been extended. To an area of 437 square km. Approximately half the park is covered With fine salt stands. While in the higher reaches of the hills there are mixed forests. Bamboo and grasslands stretch to the north. The main viewing area with its 32 picturesque, wooded hills is still at the heart of the park.

An ancient fort upon a precipice, 800 metres high, dominates the Park. The history of Bandhavgarh goes back 2000 years in time and the earliest signs of housing can be seen in the caves excavated north of the fort from the cliffs. Brahmi inscriptions here, date back to the 1st century BC. Bandhavgarh was declared a Park in 1968 as a hunting reserve of Rewa’s royal. Family in more recent times. This is where Rewa’s famous white tigers were found. Wandering back on an elephant through the Park, the chances of seeing a tiger are pretty good.

WildLife Bandhavgarh

Also to be seen here are nilgai, causing, chital, chinkara, wild boar and sometimes a fox or jackal. Other habitats of the park include the muntjac, jungle cat, ratel, hyena, porcupine, the rhesus macaque and the black-faced langur. About 150 species of bird are also found here and include the migratory birds that arrive in winter. Like the steppe eagle and various water-birds.

It is possible to climb up to the Bandhavgarh fort for a breathtaking bird’s eye view of the Park and there is also a small population of blackbuck that lives her, protected from the predators below.

General Information

» Visit Time – November – June
» Accommodation – Forest Rest Houses, BandhavgarhJungle Camp.
» Nearest town – Umaria (30 Km) (65Km)
How to reach
Rail – Umaria (30 Km) or Satna(112 Km),
Air – Khajuraho (210 Km) or Jabalpur(70km

Kanha National Park

Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Occupying a core area of around 940 sq km (the total area is 1945 sq km), Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India Kanha National Park is one of the most significant parks in the country. The Kanha valley was declared a sanctuary in 1933, however. It was only in 1955, that the area was accorded the status of a National Park. Located in the Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh, the park is one of the earliest to initiate ‘Project Tiger’ to control the increasingly depleting population of tigers in India. The project was a huge success and contributed extensively to doubling. The number of tigers in the country in the last two to three decades.

About the park itself, the more said, the lesser it seems. The park’s beauty and the variety of its inhabitants forced many to pen something special, including the very famous Rudyard Kipling. Jungle Book, hugely popular with children, is one book written by the renowned author. That draws its inspiration from the surroundings of Kanha National Park.

The topography of the land is also interesting with a valley of the region carrying a striking resemblance to a horseshoe in its shape. A rippling river (Surpan River) finds its way through the maidans and grasslands of the park

Wildlife of Kanha National Park

The main attraction of Kanha National Park is, without doubt, the tiger. Tourists can find (though with much effort and patience) the ‘king of this park’ roaming around freely in the vast expanse looking extremely gorgeous and arousing deep interest and awe in the mind and hearts of its onlookers.

Apart from the tigers, there are other animals in the park that will catch the attention of the tourists including porcupine, grey langurs, mongoose, hyena, jungle cat, leopards, barasingha, chital, chousingha, nilgai, Indian bison and wild Pig. Because of incessant poaching, there was a time when Barasingha’s population fell from an original 3000 to a paltry figure of 66. However, a conservation drive in association with the localities ensured. That the number of Barasingha was restored to at least a respectable figure of 1000.

Reptiles in the park
The reptile population in the park comprises monitor lizards, pythons and a huge variety of snakes.

Avi Fauna

For the lovers of birds, Kanha has around 300 varieties. Most tourists come with an intention and desire to spot a tiger in this park, although it is not always possible. Tourists may not be successful in their attempt, as the tiger may refuse to give such tourists a view. In such cases, the tourists at least have the satisfaction of watching some beautiful birds. They are always present on their visit to the Kanha National Park to delight the tourists. The bird population of the park include pied or marsh harriers, red jungle fowls, painted spur fowls, lesser whistling teals, common teals, pintails, cotton teals, shovelers, peafowls,

Indian rollers, racket-tailed drongos, red wattled lapwings, brown fish owls, nightjars, laggers, shaheen falcons, kestrels, barn owls, white-eyed buzzards, black-winged kites, shikras, crested serpent eagles, crested honey buzzards, yellow wattled lapwings, green bee-eaters, doves, black Vultures, scavenger vultures, long-billed vultures, white-backed vultures and gray hornbills.

These are just a few names, and a tourist will come across many more varieties on his trip to the Kanha National Park.

» Elephant Safari

Tourists can best enjoy the beauty of the Kanha National Park sitting at the back of an elephant. The ride itself is a tremendous experience and combined with glimpses of exotic animals, it becomes completely delightful.

» Kanha Museum

Tourists visiting Kanha National Park will be pleasantly surprised. To find a museum within the park’s boundaries. The museum presents the attributes and activities of the park. And also showcases the tribal culture of the state of Madhya Pradesh.

Visit Time
Between April to June and November to January, the best time to visit the park. The park remains closed due to monsoons from July to mid-November. The park’s annual rainfall is about 1600 mm.

Kanha National Park is located in the Mandla district of Madhya Prades


Town-Mandla is the nearest town, 65 km from the park.

How to Reach

Air-Nagpur’s nearest airport is 266 km away, which is connected by various domestic airlines in turn.

Rail-Jabalpur is the nearest railway head, 169 km from Kanha.

Road-Roadways connect Kanha National Park with Jabalpur, Khajuraho, Nagpur, Mukki and Raipur. Regular buses to and from Jabalpur to Kanha make it easier for any tourist to visit the park.

Ranthambore National Park –

Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Earlier, the Maharajas of Jaipur’s hunting preserve, the Ranthambore Park was once the scene of royal hunting parties. Today, it is renowned for its tigers and one of the country’s best places to see. These majestic predators in the wild. Even during the day, the tigers can be spotted quite often. At their normal pursuits -hunting and caring for their youth. They appear to be quite accustomed to human activity with strict measures. Taken for their conservation and are not disturbed by it. A good time to visit is between November and April when sightings are common due to the nature of the dry deciduous forest.

There are large numbers of Sambar, chital and nilgai in Ranthambore. Boar sounders and an occasional gazelle-it possible to see the chinkara, as well as the Indian hare, mongoose and lizards. The Park’s lakes and pools are where the deer gather and the animals are easier to see. The leopard, hyena, jackal, jungle cats, sloth bear and marsh crocodile are amongst the other local fauna.

About Ranthambore National Park

Elephant Ranthambore National Park Jacanas is seen along with the water. Bodies, painted stork, black stork and white-necked stork. Peafowl is found in abundance and other birds include the eagle of Bonelli. The crested serpent eagle, the great Indian horned owl, quail, partridge, spurfowl and the flycatcher paradise.

The park covering an area of 392 sq. It is located between the ranges of Aravalli and Vindhya. Its deciduous forests once formed part of Central India’s magnificent jungles. The terrain is rough and with lakes and pools, there are rocky ridges, hills and open valleys.

The royal past of Ranthambore appears in the picturesque ruins that dot the park. On a height overlooking the park, there are lake palaces, chhatris, old fortifications and a majestic 1,000-year-old fort. The Ranthambore fort‘s forest rest house is located in the beautiful Jogi Mahal. It overlooks a tank-the beautiful Padam Talao, floating with lilies of water.

General Information:»

Best time to visit— October to June » Migrants— October to February » Maharaja Lodge, Forest Rest Houses, Jogi Mahal, Kamadhenu Hotel, Jhoomer Baori Forest Lodge.
Nearest– Swai Madhopur, the nearest town (11 km)

Desert Sanctuary

Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

The National Park of the Desert is an excellent example of the Thar desert ecosystem and its diverse fauna. Sand dunes make up about 20% of the park. The main landform consists of craggy rocks and compact bottoms of the salt lake. Intermediate areas and fixed dunes that are perfect. Suited for high-speed movement of the chinkara. Another common antelope in this region is the blackbuck. The desert fox, Bengal fox, wolf and desert cat are its other notable inhabitants.

Sudhir forest post is the ideal place for observing the wildlife of Desert National Park and is the most suitable in the entire 3162 sq km of this park for Watching and taking pictures of the animals ‘ activities from behind the cover.


Birdlife is vibrant and spectacular in this sandy habitat. It is common to see birds like the sandgrouse, partridges, bee-eaters, larks and shrikes. Demoiselle crane and houbara arrive in the winter. Camel and DriverThe birds of prey seen here are tawny and steppe eagles, long-legged and honey buzzards, falcons and kestrels. But the great Indian bustard is the most outstanding of avifauna. This heavy, tall bird is a symbol of trust and grace. It is common to see five or six bustards near Sudashri water hole.

This park is also very rich in reptiles. Spiny tail lizard, monitor lizard, saw-scaled viper, Russel’s viper, Sind krait. Toad agama and sandfish are found in large numbers.

18 km. From Jaisalmer is the Akal Woods Fossils Park which is about 180 million years of age. In this park, seashells and massive fossilized tree trunks record the desert’s geological history.

General Information :

» Best time to Visit – Throughout the yea
» Accommodation – RTDC’s Moomal Tourist Bungalow, RTDC’s Tourist Bungalow at Sam.

How to Reach

Jaisalmer is the nearest town (40 km). Nearest air, road and railhead are Jaisalmer.

Bandipur National Park

Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India Bandipur National Park is one of the most fascinating wild-life centres. Established in 1931 by the Mysore Maharajahs. This park is nestled in the foothills of the Nilgiris.

You can almost hear the silent conversations between the animals and the trees as you penetrate deep into the forest through the well-laid-out roads. They say there is a perfect harmony between the flora and fauna. And that’s why the spot here was chosen as the Project Tiger centre. And the Tiger population has nearly doubled since then.

Black Buck – Bandipur National ParkOf course there’s a lot, lot more to discover. Peafowl, quail, hornbill, giant squirrel, dhole, elephants, sambar, deer barking ………. This is where an endless variety of wildlife thrives. . And even more beautiful are the trees that shelter them. Teak, rosewood, honour, math, bamboo and sandal.

What’s more, you can take a safari on elephant back to make your visit memorable.

General Information

Best time to Visit – March-August
Nearest town – Gundulpet(20 km)

Nagarhole National Park

Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Located in Kodagu and Mysore districts is a fresh, green world rich in forest, little streams, undulating valleys and fascinating waterfalls.

Nagarhole derives its name from Kannada, ‘ Naga ‘ meaning snake and ‘ hole ‘ referring to stream Kannada and is truly a delightful spot, bubbling with the activity of some of the most beautiful animals and trees.

Rosewood, teak, sandal, silver oak…….. the deep, fresh aroma of these trees mingling with the sounds of the wildlife -ah! A perfect holiday treat. Not surprisingly, this was also an exclusive hunting preserve of Mysore’s former rules.

Jungle Cat – Nagarhole National ParkAnd if you’d like to tour Nagarhole in royal style, do it in the ‘ Maharajah’ way – on elephant back. And there are also jeeps and vans, of course.

So come over, there’s no ordinary place for Nagarhole. Because here, like its collection of wildlife, enchantment never ends. Four-horned antelope, panther, warblers hornbills, spotted deer, mouse deer, pangolin, gaur, giant flying squirrel…

And if ever you get lost amongst them, there’s no need to panic. The Jenu Kurubas (honey-gatherers), the Betta Kurubas (hill tribes) and the Hakki-Pikki (bird trappers) inhabiting this park are always ready to help you. with a warm smile.

General Information :

Visit time – October – March
» Nearest town – Kutta (7 km), Mysore (80 km)


Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Kabini Bandipur National Park, Travel to Bandipur Wildlife Sanctuary in Bandipur National Park. Nestled in the middle of the Karapur Forest lies an untouched piece of land-bound to nature. To invite you to explore it. For an exciting wild vacation.

Kabini a scenic delight that was once a Mysore Maharajahs hunting lodge. The steep valleys with rich forests, spectacular swimming pools and rapids are an ideal opportunity to revive your spirits of adventure.

A view from the Kabini River Lodge is quite impressive. Out between the trees, pools of bright blue rain. The suns peeping through the thick forest, and the animals roaming free. Are some of the forest’s visual delights.
You could even take a walk through the forest if you could brave the fierce beauty. Breathe in the cool air, whistle with the breeze, and bring timeless memories home. Tiger-Catching KabiniElephant. On the prowl, leopards. Antelopes climbing over the trees. Or maybe with her cubs, even a tigress. In reality, these are pictures you will cherish for a lifetime. And no one can offer better than Kabini.

General Information :

» Best time of the year to visit
» Hospitality-Kabini River Lodge with outstanding facilities
» Nearest town – Kutta(7 km), Mysore (80 km)

About Kaziranga National Park

Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Spreading over an area of 430 sq km, Kaziranga National Park is one of the most popular national parks in India. Located in the northeastern state of Assam, on the southern banks of Brahmaputra river, Kaziranga national park attained the status of a reserve forest in 1908, a wildlife sanctuary by 1950 and a national park in 1974. In 1985, the park was declared a site of World Heritage. Despite a spate of poaching activities at one time, the park has managed to keep alive some of the most endangered animals of the country. Today, the park attracts a whole lot of visitors from both India and abroad to explore its magnificent animals.

The terrain of the park is mostly flat and covered with huge elephant grass. In between, there are swamps formed by the overflooding of Brahmaputra. These swamps are full of water lilies, water hyacinth and lotus. The vegetation of the park consists of semi-evergreen forests.

Kaziranga Wildlife

The Kaziranga National Park is famous as the land of Rhinoceros Unicornis or the one-horned Rhino that is found only in India. The park is, in fact, the last refuge for the awesome rhino who, due to constant efforts and perseverance of a few people, now number a respectable thousand. Tourists, on their visit to the park, can find the rhino roaming around openly.

Apart from the great Indian rhino, the animals that can be seen in the park include the Indian elephants (700 hundred). Indian bison (22),

or barasingha (700), hog deer (7000). Sloth bears, tigers (50), leopard cats, jungle cats, otters (300), hog badgers, capped langurs, hoolock gibbons, wild Boar (700), jackal and wild buffalo.

Avi Fauna

For the lovers of birds, Kaziranga is a must-visit as the park is an abode of numerous colourful birds, who fill the air with their mellifluous voice. These birds include oriental honey buzzard, black-shouldered kite, black kite, brahmin kite, Pallas’s fishing eagle, white-tailed eagle, grey-headed fishing eagle, Himalayan griffon, greylag geese, bar-headed geese, ruddy shelduck, gadwall, crested serpent eagle, swamp partridge, red jungle fowl, Bengal florican, whistling teal, pelicans, black-necked storks, adjutant storks, open billed storks, egrets, herons, falcated duck, red-crested pochard and northern shoveller.

Elephant and Jeep safari – Elephant safari early in the morning is the best way for the tourists to view the animals and birds of the park. The trip leads the tourists to Baguri, Hole Path, Mihimukh, Kohora-Central Path and Arimarah. In Kaziranga, visitors can thus remain assured of getting the nearest possible glimpse of magnificent animals and birds. A trip to Kaziranga is indeed a rewarding experience for anyone visiting the park.

Apart from elephant safaris, jeep safaris are also available to take you around the park.

Best Time to Visit
The National Park is best visited during the months between November to April. During the monsoon, the Brahmaputra river overflows forcing the animals to seek shelter in another part of the park

How To Reach

By Air – The nearest airport is in Guwahati, which is 217 km away from the park. There is also an airport at Jorhat which is around 97-km from Kaziranga.
By Rail – The nearest railhead is at Furkating. Which is at a distance of 75 km from Kaziranga National Park.
By Road – The main gate for Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary opens at Kohora which is on the NH-37. Regular buses connect Kaziranga on their way to and from Guwahati, Tezpur and Upper Assam.

Manas National Park

Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

The area is definitely most known for its tigers which still are small in number (which was around 89 in 1997). The gorgeous tigers roam around the reserve with a panache that seems to be a special domain of theirs that can never be conquered by humans.

Tiger, Manas Tiger reserve the Manas National Park also houses other species of endangered land and water animals like capped langur, golden langur, slow loris, black panther, leopard cat, clouded leopard, golden cat, fishing cat, bearcat, sloth bear, Asian elephant, Indian pangolin, one-horned rhinoceros, Asiatic water buffalo, swamp deer, partly coloured flying squirrel, hispid hare and Gangetic dolphin. There are also other animals that a tourist can find in this relatively large national park.

Avi Fauna
Apart from animals, the birds in this national park are also something that will delight the tourist visiting this place. The park boasts of no less than 450 species of birds, of which the great pied hornbill and the Bengal florican are the most important ones. The other birds of the park include Giant Hornbills, Jungle Fowls, Bulbuls, Brahminy Ducks, Khaleej Pheasants, Egrets, Pelicans, Fishing Eagles, Serpent Eagles, Falcons, Scarlet Minivets, Bee-Eaters, Magpie Robins, Gray Hornbills, Mergansers, Harriers, Ospreys and Herons

Manas Tiger Reserve

On the foothills Himalayas in the northeastern state of Assam, is the famous Manas Tiger Reserve. This is one of those two places where the Project Tiger met with success in Assam. Sprawling over an area of around 2837 sq km, the park extends partially into the country of Bhutan (with Manas river being the demarcation point). Initially known as the North Kamrup, the park has designated the status of a reserved forest in 1907, a sanctuary in 1928 and finally a national park in 1990. In the meantime, in 1973.

The reserve’s vegetation is mixed deciduous with the thick forest cover. That often obstructs the sunrays ‘ path. In between, there are grasslands and swampy reed lands. The simul, choir, udal, sida, Behera and Kanchan are the most commonly found trees. In and around the park.
Elephant and Boat Ride

The best way to enjoy and appreciate the beauty of the Manas Tiger Reserve is to take an elephant ride early in the morning. Possibilities of a boat ride down the Manas and Hakua rivers is also available in order to explore the national park, though still elephant ride is still the far better option.

Elephant and Boat Ride

The best way to enjoy and appreciate the beauty of the Manas Tiger Reserve is to take an elephant ride early in the morning. Possibilities of a boat ride down the Manas and Hakua rivers is also available in order to explore the national park, though still elephant ride is still the far better option.

Best Time to Visit
November to April
» By Air – The closest airport is at Guwahati at a distance of 176 km.
» By Rail – The closest railhead is situated. At Barpeta road.
» ByRoad – Regular buses connect Manas National Park to Guwahati. The closest road head from the park is Barpeta Road at a distance of 41 km.

Jim Corbett Park,

Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Nestling at the foothills, Corbett National Park covers a area, and offers a wide range of biodiversity and natural beauty to Corbett’s varied topography and vegetation. Flat valleys are interspersed with hilly ridges and the Park’s rolling grasslands known as the Chairs. Provide visitors with an excellent view of its inhabitants. The magnificent Ramganga River flows through the park’s entire length and tumbles. Through the ravines with small forest streams. The magnificent Ramganga River flows through the park’s entire length and tumbles through the ravines with small forest streams. While the higher ridges are dense stands of the sal cloak.

The mixed deciduous forest is found throughout the Park and over 110 varieties. Here you can see 51 species of shrubs and more than 33 species of bamboos and grasses.
Corbett has the country’s highest tiger density-about one per 5 And the prestigious “Tiger Project” was launched here in 1973. Four species of deer -hog deer, sambar, chital and barking deer and other prey like the wild boar, support the predator.


Corbett National Park Besides the tiger, Corbett is a haven for 50 mammals, 580 kinds of birds and 25 reptile species. The park has elephants, the higher elevations of the Himalayan black bear, sloth bear, varieties of lesser-known cats, dhole -the wild dog and an entire spectrum of colourful birds Firebirds, faisans, forest fowl and the Indian bell. The slender-snouted gharial and the mugger or marsh crocodile are basking along Ramganga’s banks.

Great wildlife facilities make Corbett one of India’s finest reserves.

» Best time to Visit – Nov-May (closed mid-June to mid-Nov)
» Nearest town – Ramnagar (51Km)

Gir National Park

Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Gir National Park is situated in the western state of Gujarat and covers an area of 1150 sq km. With a 300 sq km forming the core area. The topography of the terrain is marked by rugged. Low hills that have very few trees. The vegetation found in the sanctuary is basically mixed deciduous with stands of teak, acacia, Jamun.

The sanctuary is the only place where Asiatic lions are found. At one point in time. Somewhere at the beginning of the twentieth century. The Junagadh Nawab, however, intervened and prohibited hunting throughout the area. By 1965, the area was declared a national park and today The number of lions stands at a reasonably good figure of 300. Thus, these lions are a major source of attraction for a tourist visiting the sanctuary.

Wildlife Gir National Park

As already mentioned, the Gir National Park is the only remaining residence of the Asiatic Lions. As such, for any tourist, these lions are a major source of attraction. The Asiatic lions are not as huge as their African counterparts, though they have some features that the African lions don’t have (like the manes and long fold of skins underside).

Apart from the lions, there are other animals that catch the attention of the tourists because of their sheer beauty and magnificence. These animals include panthers, sambar deer, chital spotted deer, nilgai antelope, choosing or four-horned antelope, chinkara gazelle, wild boar, langur monkey, jackal and hyena.

Reptiles in the Park
Reptiles in the park include marsh crocodiles, monitor lizards, pythons and a large variety of snakes

Avi – Fauna

For the lovers of birds also there is a huge variety to enjoy like paradise flycatcher, Bonnell’s eagle, crested serpent eagle and woodpeckers flamingo. The other birds that catch the attention of tourists on their visit to Gir National Park. Are black-headed cuckoo shrike, grey drongo, pied woodpeckers, coppersmiths. Indian rollers, crested swifts, fish owls, black vultures, shaheen falcons, painted sandgrouse, rock bush quail, grey partridge, painted storks and white-necked storks.

These colours of these birds give the entire forest a radiant appearance and their voice fills the air with life.

Trips in Gir National Park

Jeep Safari Jeep Safari is the best way to enjoy and appreciate the wildlife of Gir National Park. A trip starting early in the morning provides a tourist with an opportunity to explore the park in a great deal.

Best Time To Visit

For all those interested in watching the wildlife of India, Gir park is worth visiting throughout the year, however, the best time lies between the months of November to June. The rainfall received by the park is pretty good with 1000 mm. Temperature varies in the different point of time in the year and also reaches to its extremes.

how to reach

AirKeshod which is around 90 km is the nearest airport. Which is connected to Mumbai by daily flights?
Rail – The nearest railway station is located in Sasan itself which is 1 km away.
Road – The State Transport runs buses from Junagadh and Veraval to Gir between November to June.

Great Himalayan National Park

Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Though not as famous as its counterparts in the country, still. The Great Himalayan National park is a place not to be missed by tourists. Especially if they are a wildlife aficionado. The park is situated in Kullu district and occupies the three sides of the majestic. A Himalayan peak in Himachal Pradesh. This is probably one of the few parks where altitude range from 1500 ms to 6000 ms with snowcapped mountains, river valleys and steep cliff providing shelter to some of the rare and magnificent flora and fauna of the country.

The park was created in the year 1984 and is officially known as the Jawaharlal Nehru Great Himalayan National Park. The park, which spreads to an area of 754.4 sq km comprises the watersheds of Jiwa, Sainj and Tirthan rivers and temperate forests. In winters, a huge portion of this park gets covered with snow. This National Park, situated in the mountains is one of the best places to view the exotic wildlife of the Himalayan region.

Wildlife of the Great Himalayan National Park

The wildlife of this national park includes musk deer, ghoral ( a small goat antelope), that, bharal ( blue sheep), serow, langurs, Himalayan black bear, Asiatic brown bear, leopard and snow leopard.

The birds of the park are also varied 68 resident species and close to 50 migrant species. Pheasants, such as the gloriously beautiful monal, the kale and the Western Tragopan are also found. The Western Tragopan is listed amongst the endangered. Species of birdlife and is only found in this park in entire India. Other birds that can be seen by tourists include the Himalayan. Monal, Raptors, Lammergeiers Himalayan Griffon Vultures, and Golden Eagles.

Tourist desirous of visiting this park needs to have good health, as the only way they can enjoy this park is on their legs. No jeeps or another mode of transportation is available.

Trek routes are well laid out and the tourists are required to take a guide along with them. Also, entry is allowed in this national park between sunrise. To sunset,- Tourists are not entertained before or after that.

Best Time to Visit

The National park is best visited during the months between April to June and between September to November. Beyond November, heavy snowfall cover this region and in the month of July to September rainfall is maximum. Both of this period (cold and rainy) season can cause problems for tourists.

How to reach

Air – The nearest airport is at Bhuntar which is 10 km from Kullu. Rail -There is a narrow-gauge railhead at Jogindernagar which is at a distance of 95-km from Kullu
Road -For reaching the Great Himalayan National Park, tourists need to take eastern divergence at Aut (30-km from Kullu) on the Kullu- Manali highway. From Aug a short distance of 4 km leads tourist to Large from where, two routes, one along the Sainj Nala (motorable till Neuli -26 km) and the second along Tirthan Nala (motorable up to Gushaini -28 km) will take tourists to the park.

Dudhwa National Park

Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Located in the Terai region of Indo Nepal border at the foothills of the Himalayas, the Dudhwa National park stretches to an area of 814 sq km with 614 sq km being the core area. River Suheli (Indo-Nepal border being the northern boundary) borders the southern part of the national park. However, until 1879, the area was a tiger reserve, but in 1977 it was declared a national park. In 1988, the park initiated the Project Tiger.

The terrain of Dudhwa National park is extremely various with grasslands, swampy marshes and thick sal forests occupying the area of the forest simultaneously.

At a point of time, Dudhwa National Park was inflicted with the problem of ever-increasing encroachment and poaching. However, due to the sincere efforts of the forest officials and the government, there has been a stop to such activities.


The tropical semi-evergreen forest, tropical moist deciduous forest, riparian and swamp forest and dry deciduous forests are home to numerous trees prominent among which are Shorea robusta, Terminalia tomentosa, Adinac Ordifolia, Terminalia belerica, Eugenia jambolana, Bombax malabaricum and Dalbergia sissoo. The grasslands that are interspersed with forests are commonly known as a phantasm


The topography of the park ensures the presence of a variety of flora and fauna. The most significant of these animals are tigers, leopards. Only swamp deers or the barasingha, one-horned Indian rhino, Indian elephant, and hispid hares. Apart from these sloth bear and jackal, civet. Jungle cat and fishing cat are also found in abundance. The tigers in this national park are pretty decent in this park (around 101), though still, tourists need a lot of luck to spot them. Most of the time they vanish into the thick forests of the park and hence do not please the tourists who wish to see them. The one-horned rhino from Assam and Nepal was introduced. In this park in 1984 in order to increase their fast-depleting number.

Avi Fauna

For an avid watcher of birds, Dudhwa National Park is a virtual paradise. The park houses around 400 species of residents as well as migratory birds. These birds include painted storks, sarus cranes, owls, barbets, woodpeckers, minivets, Swamp Partridge, Great Slaty Woodpecker and Bengal Florican.

Trips in Dudhwa National Park

Safaris – Tourists can hire Jeeps and minibuses from the Park office to go round. Elephant rides are also available and make for a hugely entertaining trip around the park.
Reaching There
» By Air – Located at a distance of 250 km, Lucknow is the nearest airport for reaching Dudhwa National park.
» By Rail – The nearest railhead is in Dudhwa which is 4 km from the park. Other railheads nearby are Palia at a distance of 10 km and Mailani at a distance of 37 km.
» By Road – Regular buses from Lakhimpur Kheri, Shahjahanpur, Bareilly and Delhi reach Palia from where frequent buses reach Dudhwa.

Dachigam National Park

Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Located very close to Srinagar (22 km), Dachigam National Park is easily accessible with its beautiful forests and beautiful scenery. The park’s two sectors — Upper and Lower Dachigam — are spread across. An area of 141 sq. Between 1700 and 4300 meters, km and altitudes vary. The park with its immense topographical diversity is surrounded. By two rugged ridges-deep ravines, rocky outcrops, steep wooded hills and rolling pastures. Tumbling down from the Masrar Lake (4300m), up in the high ranges, the Dachigam river winds through Lower Dachigam.

The park is the habitat of the endangered hangul of the Kashmir. Stag – the only species of red deer to be found in India. Winter is the best time to view the hangul when they congregate in the shelter of the lower valleys. Other residents include the Himalayan black bear, markhor and ibex-like wild goat species, and exotic Himalayan bird varieties.

Lion Tailed Macaque Colourful pheasants include the crimson tragopan, the iridescent monal pheasant with its glittering plumage, the blood pheasant and the koklass pheasant. Circling the brilliant blue skies are seen the golden eagle. And the bearded vulture or lammergeier. The leopard in this paradise, which is the only predator. Is rarely seen as the elusive snow leopard in the higher altitudes. Other animals are the rare musk deer and the marmot of the Himalayas. A metal road takes visitors from Srinagar into Lower Dachigam.

General Information

»Best time to Visit – May-Aug, Upper Dachigam, Sep-Dec Lower Dachigam.
» Accommodation – Lodges and Rest Houses or hotels in Srinagar.
» Nearest town – Srinagar (22 km)
» How to get there? Air- Srinagar (22 Kms) Rail- Jammu (200 Km)

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Top 15 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Periyar wildlife sanctuary, one of the best-known sanctuaries of India, is located in the state of Kerala, on the high ranges of Western Ghats. There is an artificial lake right in the middle of the sanctuary which, though initially was only 26 sq km, is now 55 sq km. This lake, which came into existence after a dam was built in the Periyar river in 1895. Fulfils the water needs of the animals of the park.

The tropical forests in the park house a combination of deciduous, semi-evergreen, and evergreen ‘sholas interspersed with patches of grasslands. The topography of the park is such that it has become an abode of numerous attractive wild animals and plants and tourists, on their visit to this area can see them all.

Periyar wildlife is a tiger reserve (there are around 40 tigers in this reserve), as such for a tourist visiting the park, they are a major source of attraction. However, the park is more famous for its elephants, which though can be seen. Around a lot, are in danger of getting extinct. If nothing is done to avoid it. These elephants are markedly different from their African counterpart as far as their physical characteristics are concerned. These elephants are smaller in size with equally small ears and their back is more curved than the elephants of Africa. Their skin is thick and dry with stiff hairs growing on them. Also, their colour is grey and brown.


Apart from tigers and elephants, any tourist, on his visit to the park will also come across numerous other wild animals. These include

 Gaur, Wild Pigs, Sambar, Deer Barking, Deer Mouse, Dole or Wild Dog Indian. There are also four species of primates (the highest order of mammals including man) found in this park. If lucky, tourists can also catch a glimpse of Nilgiri Tahr.


The reptiles in the park include Monitor Lizards, Python and King Cobra. A unique species of reptiles that will definitely surprise and delight the tourists are flying lizard and the flying snake. Both of these reptiles are colourful with their bodies being yellow, black, orange and red.

Avi Fauna

The birdlife of the Periyar wildlife sanctuary is equally rich offering a wide variety for tourists to watch. These include Darters, Cormorants, Kingfishers, Malabar Hornbill, Grey Hornbill, Ospreys, Kites, orioles, hill mynas, parakeets and racket-tailed Drongoes.

Trips in Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Boat Rides – Boat rides in the lake is the best way to see and enjoy the wildlife of the Periyar wildlife sanctuary. Trekking, as an option is suitable for only those tourists who are serious naturalists. For them, the forest department makes special arrangements in the form of providing local tribal guides to show them the park in detail.

Best Time to Visit

For a tourist, desirous of visiting the Periyar National Park, October to April is the best period. During the months of March and April, which are the dry season, numerous animals can be spotted near the lake. These animals come here, obviously, to drink water and even to get some relief from the hot weather by dipping themselves in the water of the lake. Tourists can watch these animals from a motorboat or a watchtower of the park.

how to reach

Air – The nearest airport to reach Periyar wildlife sanctuary is located at a distance of 140 km in Madurai. There is also an airport at Kochi which is at a distance of 200 km.

Rail – The nearest railhead from Periyar is Kottayam at a distance of 114 km.

Road – The nearest town from Periyar is Kumily which is at a distance of 4 km.

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